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Causal evidence that the impact of income on pupil outcomes is in fact zero

The correlation between family income and educational achievement is well established worldwide. This correlation is often interpreted in causal terms, leading to calls for income redistribution and other social policy interventions that could improve pupil outcomes.

The impact of ground-up, system re-design post-Katrina

In the past decades, politicians worldwide have embarked on reforms to increase market and government accountability in state-funded education sectors. The idea behind has been to increase incentives to improve pupil performance.

School Vouchers and Student Achievement: the Louisiana Scholarship Program isn’t working

In the past decades, an increasing number of school voucher programmes have been implemented in the US. Geared toward low-income households, these programmes allow participants to use vouchers toward tuition fees in private schools. Since the schemes generally have more applicants than places, lotteries have often been used as a tiebreak device.

‘School Vouchers: A Survey of the Economics Literature’

The merits, or otherwise, of school voucher programmes have been the subject of (often heated) debate for many years. The issues are complex, and comprehensive, balanced and fair appraisals of the evidence of their effectiveness, potential adverse effects, and trade-offs, are rare.

Shanghai maths: elaboration theory vs traditional sequencing in the teaching of fractions

Over the past decade, international comparisons of education have assumed an increasingly important role in domestic policymaking. The big international surveys – principally PISA and TIMSS – have come to dominate thinking, not least through league tables that rank countries based on their pupils’ performances.

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