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Human capital and business stay-up: the relationship between education, skills, and entrepreneurial success

In recent decades, governments worldwide have employed an array of different policy tools to try to increase start-up rates in their countries, but relatively little attention has been paid to how to support ‘business stay-up’.

A digital divide? Randomised evidence on the impact of computer-based assessment in PISA

This paper looks at one of the most important alterations: the move to computer-based assessment in 2015. Between 2000 and 2012, PISA was carried out as a regular paper-based assessment. However, in 2015, pupils in the great majority of countries instead took the test on a computer. Since the change to computer-based assessment could affect pupil performance by itself – in ways that differ between countries – it has the potential to reduce comparability of PISA test scores across countries and over time.

Optimising autonomy: a blueprint for education reform

The English school system has ostensibly been moving in the direction of greater autonomy over several decades, but having been apparently taken to a new level in 2010 with the introduction of free schools and broader offer of academy status, doubts have begun to emerge as to whether these most recent reforms have made any real difference to student outcomes.

Who’s to produce and who’s to choose? Assessing the future of the qualifications and assessment market

The question how should the qualifications of students be assessed is one of the most defining and important aspects of any education system. England, Wales, and Northern Ireland have a unique system of qualifications and assessment distinguished by choice and diversity.

Taking a lead: how to access the leadership premium

As plans for whole system structural reform have developed, much of the government’s education reform strategy has come to turn on its being able to capitalise a leadership premium.